Sancai pottery was used primarily in the tombs of the most affluent members of society. During the Tang Dynasty (618-906 C.E.), the demand and appreciation for ceramics in China was at its greatest. Not only did people want to enjoy these works of art in life, but also in death. The Chinese believed in eternal life, and would place ceramic figures in the form of objects the deceased would need in their afterlife. These figures often represented the status they held in society—horses were used for important army officials and generals, while camels represented the wealthy merchants who attained their fortunes using the famed Silk Road.
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