C.J. Vander was the last of England's preeminent silver firms, creating exceptional silver masterpieces using the time-honored traditions of the silversmith's art. In fact, they were one of the last remaining English flatware makers to employ the age old method of hand forging flatware, where each piece of silver starts out as an ingot and is formed by a silversmith using a hammer. After the pieces were forged they would be planished, or hammered flat, polished, chased and decorated, and then polished again, with all of these processes accomplished by hand. Though time-consuming, such craftsmanship ensured a product that was superior in every possible way. It was this firm's steadfast commitment to quality that made them the favorite of both royalty and nobility alike throughout Europe.